The material used could be carbon fiber or aluminum in order to make them lightweight. Retractable poles can be stored even in a backpack. Rubber-padded handles, basket at the bottom, and wrist wraps are some of the features of a trekking pole.
They are generally used on rough or uneven terrain to provide the trekker with necessary support. People suffering from knee pain use it to reduce pressure on their knees. However, these poles could also be used on a flat terrain to increase the speed of hiking.
The intersection points present on the pole needs to be adjusted to the proper height. To maintain proper grip on the handles, wrist straps should be used. While treading a flat terrain, the pole should be held in such a manner that a 90-degree angle is maintained at the elbow joint.
The posture should be kept upright. While one steps ahead with the left leg, the pole in the right hand should be planted, and vice versa. On an uphill terrain, the manner in which poles are placed does not change. However, additional support could be provided by planting the pole on the same side of the leg placed ahead.
When a person is descending a steep slope, the method of placing the legs together and poles opposite to each other should be used. In hilly areas, the poles could be shortened in length to make hiking more comfortable. It reduces the awkwardness that is generally associated with trekking in hilly, uneven terrains.
The poles could be used as a tool in repairing camping gear. They can also be used to check the depth of snow. Trekkers use these poles as splints in case of leg injuries.
This is done by tying the leg to the pole with the help of a belt or jacket. One should not rely fully on trekking poles while crossing a river. The poles are not meant for bearing the huge pressure created by a river's water flow.